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Diagnosis & Treatment

Treatment Fact Sheets

Fact Sheets Issued by PHA’s Scientific Leadership Council

Conventional Medical Therapies

  • Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB) – Help decrease blood pressure (Only appropriate for a small minority of patients demonstrating a favorable response to vasodilator testing at the time of heart catheterization.)
  • Digoxin – Assists the pumping of the heart
  • Diuretics – Rids excess fluid that puts pressure on the heart
  • Oxygen – Inhaled by patients via a nasal cannula or face mask
  • Warfarin (Coumadin®) – “Thins” blood and prevents it from clotting

Read more about conventional medical therapies


Oral Treatment Options

Endothelin Receptor Antagonists (ERAs) help prevent blood vessels from narrowing.

Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors (PDE 5 Inhibitors) allow the lungs to produce more of its own natural vasodilators.

Soluble Guanylate Cyclase Stimulators


Inhaled Treatment Options

Inhaled Treatment Options, such as prostacyclins, relieve shortness of breath.


Intravenous Treatment Options

Intravenous Treatment Options open up the blood vessels and help ease symptoms of PH, including chest pain and shortness of breath.


Subcutaneous Treatment Options

Subcutaneous Treatment Options are delivered through a portable infusion pump to open up the blood vessels and ease the symptoms of PH.


Research and Clinical Trials


Lung Transplantation


View Pulmonary Hypertension Treatments: What's on the Horizon? 2013 Treatment Update



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