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Variety is the Spice of Life: Combination Therapy for PAH

Martha Kingman

Steven Nathan


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Course ID: 2724

Course Authors

Martha Kingman, FNP-C, DNP
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

Steven Nathan, M.D., FCCP
Inova Fairfax Hospital

Educational Objectives

Upon successful completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  1. Discuss expert consensus guidelines for the use of combination therapy in PAH
  2. Identify clinical trial results for the use of combination therapy in PAH 
  3. Describe some common drug-drug interactions between PAH medications

Intended Audience

This continuing education activity provides continuing education (CE) credits for:

  1. Nurses
  2. Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians
  3. Respiratory Therapists
  4. Social Workers
  5. Other Health Professionals

Release Date

18 July 2016

Expiration Date

17 July 2017

Estimated Time to Complete This Activity

1.0 hour

Faculty, Planners, Staff Disclosure Information

As a provider accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), it is the policy of Professional Educational Services Group (PESG) to require the disclosure of anyone who is in a position to control the content of an educational activity. All relevant financial relationships with any commercial entity must be disclosed to participants at the beginning of each activity. The faculty and planners of this educational activity disclose the following: 

  1. Martha Kingman, FNP-C, DNP, discloses the following relationships:
    a.  Actelion : Speaker Bureau and Advisory Board member
    b.  Bayer: Speaker Bureau and Advisory Board member
    c.  Gilead: Speaker Bureau and Advisory Board member
    d.  United Therapeutics : Speaker Bureau and Advisory Board member
  2. Steven Nathan M.D., FCCP has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.
    a.  Gilead: Consultant, research funding, speakers bureau
    b.  Bayer: Consultant, research funding, speakers bureau
    c.  United Therapeutics: Research funding, speakers bureau, consultant
  3. PHA and PESG Staff have no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Continuing Education Information

This continuing education activity is provided through a Joint-Providership Agreement between The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) and Professional Education Services Group (PESG). This activity will provide continuing education for nurses, pharmacists and pharmacy technicians, respiratory therapists, and social workers. All other health care professionals completing this continuing education activity will be issued a Certificate of Participation. Please consult your accrediting organization or licensing board for their acceptance of this CE activity.

Accreditation Statements


Professional Education Services Group is an accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. This activity provides a maximum of 1.0 contact hours of nurse CE credit. 


Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians 
Professional Education Services Group is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education. ACPE UAN 0829-0000-16-234-H04-P (Pharmacists) and 0829-0000-16-234-H04-T (Pharmacy Technicians). This activity provides 1.0 contact hours (0.10 CEUs) of continuing education credit. There is no cost for this activity. Your record of completion will be reported directly to the CPE Monitor.


Respiratory Therapists
The Continuing Respiratory Education (CRCE) system of the American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) grants approval for 1.0 hours for this course.


Social Workers

This program is approved by the National Association of Social Workers for 1.0 Social Work continuing education contact hours.


Instructions for Earning Credit

This activity is a self-study program. In order to claim CE credit, participants must:

  1. View the content, examine any images and/or multimedia features, and review the content presented within all of the links provided. Once the course has been reviewed in its entirety, participants will be directed to the CE processing center at and claim CE credit.
  2. Complete a post-test and evaluation online. All evaluation questions must be completed in order to receive a CE credit.
  3. Upon successful completion of the post-test and online evaluation form, you can instantly download and/or print your certificate of credit. Your CE records will be stored at for later retrieval at your convenience. 
  4. For all CE related inquiries, please contact or PHA Online University at (301)-565-3004-x771.

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